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How is the British Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) Curriculum structured?

All children taking part in the EYFS framework have access to a broad curriculum both indoors and outdoors. By providing a holistic curriculum to develop a child, the EYFS is divided into ages and stages across 7 areas of learning and into these 4 themes:


A Unique Child

recognizes that every child is a competent learner from birth who can be resilient, capable, confident and self-assured. The commitments are focused around development, inclusion, safety, and health and well-being.

Positive Relationships

describes how children learn to be strong and independent from a base of loving and secure relationships with parents and/or a key person. The commitments are focused around respect, partnership with parents, supporting learning, and the role of the key person.

Enabling Environments

explains that the environ- ment plays a key role in supporting and extending children's development and learning. The commit- ments are focused around observation, assessment and planning, support for every child, the learning environment, and the wider context - transitions, continuity, and multi-agency working.

Learning and Development

recognizes that children develop and learn in different ways and at different rates, and that all areas of learning and development are equally important and inter-connected.


The Characteristics and Areas of Effective Learning

While a child is playing and learning certain characteristics describe factors which have an influence in them becoming an effective learner. These characteristics of learning run through and underpin all seven areas of learning and development, representing processes rather than outcomes.


Information describing the child’s characteristics of effective learning will support for the transition process from EYFS to Year 1 when considering the child’s next stage of development and future learning needs. These characteristics of effective learning reflect upon the different ways that children learn when planning activities: -

  • Playing and Exploring

    Supports children's engagement and investigation and to experience things through being willing to 'have a go'.

  • Active learning

    Supports children's motivation to learn by helping develop their concentration, ability and the will to keep trying when challenges occur and celebration of completing a task.

  • Creating and Thinking Critically

    Supports children's thinking skills through developing ideas, making links between differing ideas and create strategies for completing a task.


Areas of Learning


  • Communication and language development

    involves giving children opportunities to experience a rich language environment; to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves and to speak and listen in a range of situations

  • Physical development

    involves providing opportunities for young children to be active and interactive, to develop their co-ordination, control, and movement. Children must also be helped to understand the importance of physical activity and to make healthy choices in relation to food.

  • Personal, social and emotional development

    involves helping children to develop a positive sense of themselves, and others; to form positive relationships and develop a respect for others; to develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings; to understand appropriate behaviour in groups; and to have confidence in their own abilities

  • Literacy development

    involves encouraging children to link sounds and letters and to begin to read and write. Children must be given access to a wide range of reading materials (books, poems, and other written materials) to ignite their interest

  • Mathematics development

    involves providing children with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems and to describe shapes, spaces, and measure.

  • Understanding of the World development

    involves guiding children to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment

  • Expressive arts and design development

    involves enabling children to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials, as well as providing opportunities and encouragement for sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role-play, and design and technology




Why a play-based approach ?



play

is a powerful motivator, encouraging children to be creative to develop their ideas, understanding and language.

play

helps children make better sense of the world.

play

allows children to explore ideas and feelings, to develop social skills and relationships. It encourages children to take risks and make mistakes while understanding the need for rules as they develop certain skills like, creativity and problems solving without fearing failure.

play

helps children make better sense of the world.

play

should not be dismissed as a waste of time as children explore both indoor and outdoor environment with access to a broad-based balanced curriculum. So, when your child comes home and says "I've been playing all day" that is just what you would want to hear!

play

is flexible and suits the preferred learning style of each child.

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